Students in Grade 7, along with lessons and experiences in the traditional core courses, also will be given specific “study skills” within each discipline.

The Toronto Prep School offers an enriched and varied program for all its Middle School students.

This course will include the teaching of organizational skills and time management, proper use of a textbook, study skills, listening and note taking skills, research skills, reading for meaning, concentration and distractions, the mechanics of writing and preparing for tests and examinations. It will also include basic instruction and set up of their MacBook laptop and the use of organizational programs such as the Calendar (iCal), Safari, Address Book, Mail, and the various word documents and applications.

Course OfferingsCourse Offerings & Timetable

 


Grade 7 Program:

• Mathematics
• Science
• Introduction to Computers
• Fine Arts (Visual Arts and Drama)
• Physical Education
• English Literature
• French/Spelling Grammar
• Social Studies (Geography and History)

Students who have obtained exemption from French will be offered Spelling Grammar as a substitute.

 


Grade 8 Program:

• English Literature
• Fine Arts (Visual Arts and Drama)
• Social Studies (Geography and History)
• Science
• Mathematics
• Healthy Active Living Education 9
• French/Spelling Grammar
• Exploring Communications Technology 9

Students who have obtained exemption from French will be offered Spelling Grammar as a substitute.


Course Descriptions for Grade 7

English Literature 7

This course covers the following four areas of study: language, writing, literature and oral communication. Language study involves vocabulary development and the teaching of formal grammar. Within the writing area, students will communicate ideas and information for a variety of purposes, using forms appropriate for their purpose and topic – such as short stories, research compositions, speeches and proposals.

In literature, students will read and/or analyze a variety of age appropriate creative work (e.g. novels, short stories, poetry, plays, films). As well each student will be responsible for selecting and reading those novels that will be discussed through in-class book re- ports. Finally, within the oral communication domain, students will generate ideas for their own speeches before writing, editing and delivering these in a class setting.

Mathematics 7

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to number sense, two dimensional geometry, pre-algebra, algebra, ratio, rates and percents, and data management through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships and patterns through inquiry. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. Students will be expected to describe what they are doing in mathematics and explain why they are doing it. Problem-solving skills will be applied in all the strands.

Mental math and estimation skills will be stressed as well as the proper use of the calculator. Specific expectations include finding area and perimeter of irregular two- dimensional shapes, determining surface area and volume of rectangular prisms, solving equations and evaluating simple expressions, using and applying the students’ knowledge of probability, operations with integers, and measures of central tendencies. Key to the teaching of this course is developing a positive attitude toward the continued learning of mathematics and the patience and persistence when solving problems.

French 7

The aim of this course is to develop basic communication skills in French and an under- standing of the nature of the language, as well as an appreciation of French culture in Canada and in other parts of the world. The Core French Program offers students a valuable opportunity to develop a basic usable command of the French language that can be expanded through further study or contact with French-speaking people. Students listen to and talk about short, oral texts in structured and open-ended situations. They read a variety of classroom and simple authentic materials and communicate information in writing for different purposes. Students identify and use the vocabulary and grammar and language conventions appropriate for this grade level in oral communication and in reading and writing. This course is a continuation of all previous courses and focuses on the continuing development of communicative skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing.

Science 7

This course is built upon the scientific model of learning; that is, exploring, inquiring, predicting, planning and collecting, deciding, communicating, evaluating, and applying data. Heat energy plays a critical role in natural processes and in human life. Global warming has also focused considerable attention on the processes that control temperatures at the earth’s surface.

By acquiring a working understanding of the nature of heat, students in Grade 7 will gain new insights into the ways that heat affects our world. Students will learn about the causes and effects of heat, investigate its properties, relate it to geological and meteorological processes, and use their new-found knowledge to design a device to minimize heat transfer. They will also use the particle theory to help them explain their observations. Experiments with heat require that students identify and explain the importance of practices that ensure their personal safety and the safety of others. This course includes topics from all scientific disciplines: biology, physics, chemistry, ecology, and design and technology. These are taught through the five strands of the Ministry curriculum: Interactions within Ecosystems; Pure Substances and Mixtures; Heat, Structural Strength and Stability; and The Earth’s Crust. The scientific method, scientific literacy, and research skills are stressed throughout the course.

Social Studies 7

The goal of the Social Studies program is to enable students to become familiar with heritage, citizenship and Canada and its world connections by exploring the culture and geography of the family, community, province or territory, country and world. Emphasis is placed on encouraging students to participate effectively in classroom discussions and decisions and to develop mapping skills, learn geographical terminology, and further enhance writing skills.  The program aims at ensuring that students understand the basic concepts of History and Geography.

Part I – Geography

Students will explore opportunities and challenges presented by the physical environment and the ways in which people around the world have responded to them. They will develop an understanding of patterns in Earth’s physicals features and of the physical processes and human activities that create and change these features. Building on their knowledge of natural resources, students will study the extraction/harvesting and use of these resources on a global scale. They will examine the relationship between Earth’s physical features and the distribution and use of natural resources while exploring ways of preserving global resources. In this grade, students will be introduced to the geographic inquiry process and to the concepts of geographic thinking. They will apply the concept of geographic perspective while investigating the impact of natural events and human activities on the physical environment and also various effects of natural resource extraction/harvesting and use. Students will continue to develop their spatial skills, extracting and analysing information from a variety of sources, including different types of maps and graphs, photographs and digital representations, and geographic information systems (GIS).
The expectations provide opportunities for students to explore a number of concepts connected to the citizenship education framework, including advocacy, collaboration and cooperation, perspective, and stewardship.

Part II – History

Students will examine social, political, economic, and legal changes in Canada between 1713 and 1850. They will explore the experiences of and challenges facing different groups in Canada during this period, and will compare them to the experiences of present-day Canadians. In this grade, students will be introduced to the historical inquiry process and will apply it to investigate different perspectives on issues in eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century Canada, including issues associated with the shift in power from France to Britain. Students will learn about various groups that existed in colonial Canada and how they were affected by the conflicts and changes that characterized this period. They will begin to apply the concepts of historical thinking to their study of Canadian history, leading to deeper and more meaningful explorations of life in colonial Canada. Students will also develop their ability to gather and critically analyse evidence from primary sources in order to form their own conclusions about historical issues and events.
The expectations provide opportunities for students to explore a number of concepts connected to the citizenship education framework including beliefs and values, equity, freedom, identity, power and authority, and relationships.

Introduction to Computers 7

Students will learn the basic computer controls and operations, and the keyboard letters, punctuation, numbers, and symbols. The student will develop basic computer skills with emphasis in word processing, spreadsheets, and presentation graphics. The student will apply skills learned by creating, editing, storing, and printing spreadsheet, presentation graphics, and word processing documents. This course is intended to give students hands on computer experience that focuses on the use of a computer as a tool for learning.  Students will become aware of the “every day” use of computers through an in-depth analysis and exploration of computers in society.

Spelling Grammar 7

The aim of this course is to provide the means that will enable the student to understand the process of writing.  The student will learn to apply conventions of language in order to express ideas, feelings, and information clearly and precisely.  Listening and speaking skills will also develop as the student learns to communicate more freely using bias-free language.  The student will know how to direct questions and talk through ideas to clarify thinking, promote reflection, and generate ideas for written work.  Spelling, grammar and composition are consistently interwoven over a five-day cycle to help the student reach his/her potential in English language skills.

Fine Arts 7 (Visual Arts 7 and Drama 7 combined)

Part I – Visual Arts 7

The Grade 7 art program is history and skill based, stressing the viewing and discussion of important works and the techniques to express oneself artistically. Studio projects are based on the periods studied and highlight important styles and artists from the Prehistoric to Modern art periods. Students have the opportunity to work with a variety of media. They develop projects using their understanding of the elements of design. The overall aims are to nurture a positive attitude to and an understanding of the role of art; nurture a positive attitude and interest in all art and art history; encourage the students to continue to express themselves through their art throughout their lives. In developing the ability to analyse and describe works of art from various historical periods and in different styles, they will also learn to understand and appreciate a wide variety of art works.

Part II – Drama 7

Students in Grade 7 will develop or extend understanding of the following concepts through participation in various drama experiences. The elements of drama will be covered. The student will study role/character: considering motivations of historical and fictional characters; considering various facets of multidimensional characters; revealing character through the use of props and movement/blocking; maintaining commitment to role. Develop and analyse multidimensional relationships in the drama. The student will improvise with available materials to establish setting; using blocking (e.g., when and where to move) and stage areas (e.g., upstage right, downstage centre) in planning and performance. The student will use sound, lighting, technology, and stage effects to heighten tension; using foreshadowing to create suspense. The student will use a range of devices and effects to highlight specific aspects of the performance for the audience.

Physical and Health Education 7

This course focuses on the importance of regular physical activity and appropriate life style choices. Students will be given an opportunity to participate in a variety of physical activities that promote life-long healthy active living. The health program follows the ideals of overall wellness and will cover issues such as decision making, sexual education and substance use and abuse. Students participate on a regular basis in physical activities that maintain or improve physical fitness. Through a balance of activities, students build strength, endurance, flexibility, balance and co-ordination, as well as develop creative expression, freedom of movement, problem solving skills and the ability to work as a team to reach a common goal: develop creativity, confidence and physical fitness; develop gross and fine motor skills; develop hand-eye co-ordination; develop an appropriate degree of balance, strength, flexibility, agility, endurance, power, speed and effort; work independently and co-operate well with others; use equipment and compete safely; demonstrate positive sportsmanship at all times; promote spirit in fair play and team play; promote other social skills such as following directions, decision-making, communication with others and leadership. They will discuss personal safety, and peer pressure related to substance use and abuse. The course promotes body awareness, self-confidence and helps children recognize and enjoy the value of physical fitness and good health.

 


Course Descriptions for Grade 8

English 8

This course will involve; creative writing, essay writing, short story and poetry reading, reading response activities, and journal writing.  This course is aimed at enhancing the student’s knowledge and appreciation of the literary and cultural aspects of the English language.  It is designed to build upon the student’s basic language skills so as to enable them to express their feelings and opinions coherently both in formal and creative writing and in oral presentation.  Students will be encouraged to read, write and think critically.

Mathematics 8

Students will be expected to describe what they are doing in mathematics and explain why they are doing it. Problem-solving skills will be applied in all the strands. Mental math and estimation skills will be stressed as well as the proper use of the calculator. Specific expectations include finding area and perimeter of irregular two-dimensional shapes, determining surface area and volume of rectangular prisms, determining congruency and investigating tiling patterns, solving equations and evaluating simple expressions, using and applying their knowledge of probability, and operations with integers and measures of central tendencies.

French 8

In Grade 8, students continue to listen and talk about simple oral texts in structured and open-ended situations. They express ideas, feelings, and opinions in conversations and discussions, using learned language structures and a variety of vocabulary and expressions. As well, they write in a variety of forms adjusting language to suit the audience. They continue to identify and use the vocabulary and grammar conventions appropriate for this grade level in oral communication and in reading and writing.

Science 8

This course continues to allow students to increase their scientific knowledge in the disciplines of Biology, Physics and Environmental Studies. The students will learn scientific concepts and conduct investigations related to Fluids, Mechanical Efficiency, Cells, Tissues, Organs and Systems, and Water Systems. Research, experimentation, and scientific literacy remain integral parts of the program.

The course is built upon the scientific model of learning; that is, exploring inquiring, predicting, planning, collecting, deciding, communicating, evaluating, and applying data. Through the use of controlled variables, the construction of models and data interpretation, students are encouraged to observe, question, and manipulate elements of their environment.

Fine Arts 8 (Visual Arts 8 and Drama 8 combined)

Part I – Visual Arts 8

The first half of the course will include studio and art history components.  The studio portion  will focus on drawing, sketching and painting techniques through 2-D and 3-D activities.  The historical art study will concentrate on the exploration  of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.  The second half of the course will further explore the Seven Wonders through a variety of media and dramatic forms.

Part II – Drama 8

Students in Grade 8 will develop or extend understanding of the following concepts through participation in various drama experiences. The students will analyse the background, motivation, speech, and actions of characters to build roles; using voice, stance, gesture, and facial expression to portray character. The students will analyse relationships to develop the interplay between characters. They will study time and place using props, costumes, and furniture to establish setting; modifying production elements to suit different audiences. They will use various stage effects to produce specific audience reactions. They will study focus and emphasis using a wide range of devices to highlight the central theme for the audience; making deliberate artistic choices to sharpen focus.

Social Studies 8

This Social Studies course aims at ensuring that students understand the basic concepts of social studies, history and geography. Through continual development of their skills, strategies and habits of mind required for effective inquiry and communication, students are able to successfully apply and relate the knowledge acquired to the world outside the classroom in these areas.

Part I – Geography

Students will build on what they have learned in earlier grades about Earth’s physical features and processes in order to explore the relationship between these features/processes and human settlement patterns around the world. They will focus on where people live and why they live there, and on the impact of human settlement and land use on the environment. They will enhance their ability to apply a geographic perspective to their investigation of issues, including issues related to human settlement and sustainability and to global development and quality of life. In addition, students will study factors that affect economic development and quality of life on a global scale and will examine responses to global inequalities. Students will be introduced to new types of maps and graphs, including choropleth maps, scatter graphs, and population pyramids, and, at the same time, will continue to develop their ability to use a variety of sources, tools, and spatial technologies to study various geographic issues.
The expectations provide opportunities for students to explore a number of concepts connected to the citizenship education framework, including democracy, equity, freedom, perspective, power and authority, relationships, rights and responsibilities, and stewardship.

Part II – History

Students will build on their understanding of earlier Canadian history, examining how social, political, economic, and legal changes in Canada between 1850 and 1914 affected different groups in an increasingly diverse and regionally distinct nation. They will explore experiences of and challenges facing Canadians around the beginning of the twentieth century and will compare them to those of present-day Canadians. Students will examine the internal and external forces that led to Confederation and territorial expansion and of the impact of these developments on long-time Canadians, including First Nations, as well as new immigrants. Through an examination of inequalities in the new nation, students will learn that many of the rights and freedoms we have in Canada today are the result of actions taken by people in this era to change their lives. Students will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking as well as the historical inquiry process, using both primary and secondary sources to explore the perspectives of groups on issues of concern to Canadians from the mid-nineteenth century to the eve of World War I.
The expectations provide opportunities for students to explore a number of concepts connected to the citizenship education framework, including democracy, equity, inclusiveness, law and justice, power and authority, relationships, respect, and rights and responsibilities.

Spelling Grammar 8

The aim of this course is to provide the means that will enable the student to understand the process of writing.  The student will learn to apply conventions of language in order to express ideas, feelings, and information clearly and precisely.  Listening and speaking skills will also develop as the student learns to communicate more freely using bias-free language.  The student will know how to direct questions and talk through ideas to clarify thinking, promote reflection, and generate ideas for written work.  Spelling, grammar and composition are consistently interwoven over a five-day cycle to help the student reach his/her potential in English language skills.
This course is in lieu of French 8.

Exploring Communications Technology 9 (TGJ1O)

This exploratory course introduces students to concepts and skills in communications technology, which encompasses television/video and movie production, radio and audio production, print and graphic communications, photography, and interactive new media and animation. Students will develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues, and will begin to explore secondary and postsecondary pathways leading to careers in the field.

Healthy Active Living Education 9 – Compulsory (PPL1O)

This course equips students with the knowledge and skills they need to make healthy choices now and lead healthy, active lives in the future. Through participation in a wide range of physical activities, students develop knowledge and skills related to movement competence and personal fitness that provide a foundation for active living. Students also acquire an understanding of the factors and skills that contribute to healthy development and learn how their own well-being is affected by, and affects, the world around them. Students build their sense of self, learn to interact positively with others, and develop their ability to think critically and creatively.