All courses are listed in alphabetical order starting with Compulsories and then followed by Electives. Courses listed are for the 2017-2018 Academic year. For courses for 2017-2018, please download the Toronto Prep School Course Calendar 2017-2018 already available under Student Handbook under “about us” tab and Course Selection Process under the “academics” tab.

Course OfferingsCourse Offerings & Timetable

 


Course Descriptions for Grade 9

English, Grade 9, Academic – Compulsory (ENG1D) 

This course is designed to develop the oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course is intended for students intending to enrol in the Grade 10 academic English course, which leads to university or college preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12. 
Prerequisite: None

French (Core), Grade 9, Academic – Compulsory (FSF1D)
This course provides opportunities for students to communicate and interact in French with increasing independence, with a focus on familiar topics related to their daily lives. Students will develop their skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing by using language learning strategies introduced in the elementary Core French program, and will apply creative and critical thinking skills in various ways. They will also enhance their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning. Prerequisite: Minimum of 600 hours of French instruction, or equivalent

Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 9, Applied – Elected Compulsory (MFM1P) 

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to introductory algebra, proportional reasoning, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will investigate real-life examples to develop various representations of linear relations, and will determine the connections between the representations. They will also explore certain relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. 
Prerequisite: None

Healthy Active Living Education, Grade 9, Open – Compulsory (PPL1O) 

This course equips students with the knowledge and skills they need to make healthy choices now and lead healthy, active lives in the future. Through participation in a wide range of physical activities, students develop knowledge and skills related to movement competence and personal fitness that provide a foundation for active living. Students also acquire an understanding of the factors and skills that contribute to healthy development and learn how their own well-being is affected by, and affects, the world around them. Students build their sense of self, learn to interact positively with others, and develop their ability to think critically and creatively.
Prerequisite: None

Issues in Canadian Geography, Grade 9, Academic – Compulsory (CGC1D) 

This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place to live. Prerequisite: None

Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic – Elected Compulsory (MPM1D) 

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. Prerequisite: None

Science, Grade 9, Academic – Compulsory (SNC1D) 

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity. Prerequisite: None

Drama, Grade 9, Open – Elective (ADA1O) 

This course emphasizes the active exploration of dramatic forms and techniques, using material from a wide range of authors, genres, and cultures. Students will construct, discuss, perform, and analyse drama, and then reflect on the experiences to develop an understanding of themselves, 
the art form, and the world around them. Prerequisite: None

Exploring Communications Technology, Grade 9, Open – Elective (TGJ1O)
This exploratory course introduces students to concepts and skills in communications technology,which encompass television/video and movie production, radio and audio production,,print and graphic communications, photography, and interactive new media and animation. Students will develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues, and will begin to explore secondary and post-secondary pathways leading to careers in the field. Prerequisite: None

Learning Strategies 1: Skills for Success in Secondary School, Grade 9, Open – Elective (GLS1O) 
This course focuses on learning strategies to help students become better, more independent learners. Students will learn how to develop and apply literacy and numeracy skills, personal management skills, and interpersonal and teamwork skills to improve their learning and achievement in school, the workplace, and the community. The course helps students build confidence and motivation to pursue opportunities for success in secondary school and beyond. Prerequisite: None

Personal and Fitness Activities, Grade 9, Open – Elective (PAF1O) 

This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable fitness activities that promote life-long healthy active living. This course will teach the student about weight training, cardiovascular training, strength and endurance as well as flexibility training and nutrition. Students will be encouraged to develop and follow their own gym fitness plan and will be given the tools to achieve their healthy fitness goals. The student will determine the emphasis of his/her program. Fitness levels will be monitored regularly. Evaluation will be based on the student’s ability to reach goals established jointly with the teacher, effort, participation, and record keeping. Students will gain decision-making skills, improve communication skills and develop organizational skills. Prerequisite: None

Visual Arts, Grade 9, Open – Elective (AVI1O) 

This course is exploratory in nature, offering an overview of visual arts as a foundation for further study. Students will become familiar with the elements and principles of design and the expressive qualities of various materials by using a range of media, processes, techniques, and styles. Students will use the creative and critical analysis processes and will interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context. Prerequisite: None


Course Descriptions for Grade 10

Grade 10 students may also choose electives from the Grade 11 or 12 lists if no prerequisites are required.

Canadian History Since World War I, Grade 10, Academic – Compulsory (CHC2D)
This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914. Prerequisite: None

Career Studies, Grade 10, Open – Compulsory (Half Course) (GLC2O) 

This course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals for future learning, work, and community involvement. Students will assess their interests, skills, and characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores post-secondary learning and career options, prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and helps students focus on their goals through the development of a career plan. Prerequisite: None

Civics and Citizenship, Grade 10, Open – Compulsory (Half Course) (CHV2O) 

This course explores rights and responsibilities associated with being an active citizen in a democratic society. Students will explore issues of civic importance such as healthy schools, community planning, environmental responsibility, and the influence of social media, while developing their understanding of the role of civic engagement and of political processes in the local, national, and/or global community. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate, and express informed opinions about, a range of political issues and developments that are both of significance in todays world and of personal interest to them. Prerequisite: None

English, Grade 10, Academic – Compulsory (ENG2D) 

This course is designed to extend the range of oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. This course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 11 university or college preparation course. Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Foundations for College Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied – Elected Compulsory (MFM2P) 

This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of linear relations and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional figures. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic – Elected Compulsory (MPM2D) 

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic

Science, Grade 10, Academic – Compulsory (SNC2D) 

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid–base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Core French, Grade 10, Academic – Elective (FSF2D)
This course provides opportunities for students to communicate in French about personally relevant, familiar, and academic topics in real-life situations with increasing independence. Students will exchange information, ideas, and opinions with others in guided and increasingly spontaneous spoken interactions. Students will develop their skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing through the selective use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. They will also increase their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning. Prerequisite: Core French 9, Academic

Drama, Grade 10, Open – Elective (ADA2O) 

This course provides opportunities for students to explore dramatic forms, conventions, and techniques. Students will explore a variety of dramatic sources from various cultures and representing a range of genres. Students will use the elements of drama in creating and communicating through dramatic works. Students will assume responsibility for decisions made in the creative and collaborative processes and will reflect on their experiences. Prerequisite: None

Healthy Active Living Education, Grade 10, Open – Elective (PPL2O)
This course enables students to further develop the knowledge and skills they need to make healthy choices now and lead healthy, active lives in the future. Through participation in a wide range of physical activities, students develop knowledge and skills related to movement competence and personal fitness that provide a foundation for active living. Students also acquire an understanding of the factors and skills that contribute to healthy development and learn how their own well-being is affected by, and affects, the world around them. Students build their sense of self, learn to interact positively with others, and develop their ability to think critically and creatively.
Prerequisite: None

Introduction to Business, Grade 10, Open – Elective (BBI2O) 

This course introduces students to the world of business. Students will develop an understanding of the functions of business, including accounting, marketing, information and communication technology, human resources, and production, and of the importance of ethics and social responsibility. This course builds a foundation for further studies in business and helps students develop the business knowledge and skills they will need in their everyday lives.  Prerequisite: None

Media Arts, Grade 10, Open – Elective (ASM2O)
This course enables students to create media art works by exploring new media, emerging technologies such as digital animation, and a variety of traditional art forms such as film, photography, video, and visual arts. Students will acquire communications skills that are transferable beyond the media arts classroom and develop an understanding of responsible practices related to the creative process. Students will develop the skills necessary to create and interpret media art works. Prerequisite: None

Music and Computers, Grade 10 Open – Elective (AMM2O)
This course emphasizes the creation and performance of music at a level consistent with previous experience. Students will develop musical literacy skills by using the creative and critical analysis processes in composition, performance, and a range of reflective and analytical activities. Students will develop their understanding of musical conventions, practices, and terminology and apply the elements of music in a range of activities. They will also explore the function of music in society with reference to the self, communities, and cultures. Prerequisite: None

Personal and Fitness Activities Grade 10 Open – Elective (PAF2O)
This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable fitness activities that promote life-long healthy active living. This course will teach the student about weight training, cardiovascular training, strength and endurance as well as flexibility training and nutrition. Students will be encouraged to develop and follow their own gym fitness plan and will be given the tools to achieve their healthy fitness goals. The student will determine the emphasis of his/her program. Fitness levels will be monitored regularly. Evaluation will be based on the student’s ability to reach goals established jointly with the teacher, effort, participation, and record keeping. Students will gain decision-making skills, improve communication skills and develop organizational skills. Prerequisite: None

Visual Arts, Grade 10, Open- Elective (AVI2O)
This course enables students to develop their skills in producing and presenting art by introducing them to new ideas, materials, and processes for artistic exploration and experimentation. Students will apply the elements and principles of design when exploring the creative process. Students will use the critical analysis process to reflect on and interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context.  Prerequisite: None


Course Descriptions for Grade 11

Grade 11 students may also choose electives from the Grade 12 lists if no prerequisites are required or if they have fulfilled the prerequisites.

English, Grade 11, University Preparation- Compulsory (ENG3U) 

This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures, as well as a range of informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and incorporating stylistic devices appropriately and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 university or college preparation course.  Prerequisite: English, Grade 10,  Academic

Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation – Elected Compulsory (MCR3U) 

This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; investigate inverse functions; and develop facility in determining 
equivalent algebraic expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic

Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation (MCF3M) – Elected Compulsory
This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. It focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in modelling real-world situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems relating to applications. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic, or Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied

Foundations for College Mathematics, Grade 11, College Preparation (MBF3C) – Elected Compulsory
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem-solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; develop their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and evaluating data involving one variable; connect probability and statistics; and solve problems in geometry and trigonometry. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking. Prerequisite: Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied

Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation – Elective (SBI3U) 

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes involved in biological systems. Students will study cellular functions, genetic continuity, internal systems and regulation, the diversity of living things, and the anatomy, growth, and functions of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation – Elective (SCH3U) 

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

Communications Technology, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (TGJ3M)
This course examines communications technology from a media perspective. Students will develop knowledge and skills as they design and produce media projects in the areas of live, recorded, and graphic communications. These areas may include TV, video, and movie production; radio and audio production; print and graphic communications; photography; digital imaging; broadcast journalism; and interactive new media. Students will also develop an awareness of related environmental and societal issues, and will explore college and university programs and career opportunities in the various communications technology fields. Prerequisite: None

Core French, Grade 11, University Preparation – Elective (FSF3U) 

This course offers students extended opportunities to speak and interact in real-life situations in French with greater independence. Students will develop their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills, as well as their creative and critical thinking skills, through responding to and exploring a variety of oral and written texts. They will also broaden their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning. Prerequisite: Core French Grade 10, Academic

Drama, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (ADA3M) 

This course requires students to create and perform in dramatic presentations. Students will analyse, interpret, and perform dramatic works from various cultures and time periods. Students will research various acting styles and conventions that could be used in their presentations, and analyse the functions of playwrights, directors, actors, designers, technicians, and audiences. Prerequisite: Dramatic Arts, Grade 9 or 10, Open

Entrepreneurship: The Venture, Grade 11, College Preparation – Elective (BDI3C) 

This course focuses on ways in which entrepreneurs recognize opportunities, generate ideas, and organize resources to plan successful ventures that enable them to achieve their goals. You will create a venture plan for a school-based or student-run business. Through hands-on experiences, you will have opportunities to develop the values, traits, and skills most often associated with successful entrepreneurs. Prerequisite: None

Forces of Nature: Physical Processes and Disasters, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (CGF3M) 

In this course, students will explore physical processes related to the earth’s water, land, and air. They will investigate how these processes shape the planet’s natural characteristics and affect human systems, how they are involved in the creation of natural disasters, and how they influence the impacts of human disasters. Throughout the course, students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process and use spatial technologies to analyse these processes, make predictions related to natural disasters, and assess ways of responding to them. Prerequisite: Issues in Canadian Geography, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

Introduction to Anthropology, Psychology, and Sociology, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (HSP3U) 

This course introduces the theories, questions, and issues that are the major concerns of anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Students will develop an understanding of the way social scientists approach the topics they study and the research methods they employ. Students will be given opportunities to explore theories from a variety of perspectives and to become familiar with current thinking on a range of issues that have captured the interest of classical and contemporary social scientists in the three disciplines. Prerequisite: None

Introduction to Computer Science, Grade 11, University Preparation – Elective (ICS3U) 

This course introduces students to computer science. Students will design software independently and as part of a team, using industry-standard programming tools and applying the software development life-cycle model. They will also write and use subprograms within computer programs. Students will develop creative solutions for various types of problems as their understanding of the computing environment grows. They will also explore environmental and ergonomic issues, emerging research in computer science, and global career trends in computer-related fields. Prerequisite: None

Marketing: Goods, Services, Events, Grade 11, College Preparation – Elective (BMI3C) 

This course introduces the fundamental concepts of product marketing, which includes the marketing of goods, services, and events. Students will examine how trends, issues, global economic changes, and information technology influence consumer buying habits. Students will engage in marketing research, develop marketing strategies, and produce a marketing plan for a product of their choice. Prerequisite: None

Media Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective  (ASM3M)
This course focuses on the development of media arts skills through the production of art works involving traditional and emerging technologies, tools, and techniques such as new media, computer animation, and web environments. Students will explore the evolution of media arts as an extension of traditional art forms, use the creative process to produce effective media art works, and critically analyse the unique characteristics of this art form. Students will examine the role of media artists in shaping audience perceptions of identity, culture, and values. Prerequisite: Media Arts, Grade 10, Open

Media Studies, Grade 11, Open – Elective  (EMS3O)
This course emphasizes knowledge and skills that will enable students to understand media communication in the twenty-first century and to use media effectively and responsibly. Through analysing the forms and messages of a variety of media works and audience responses to them, and through creating their own media works, students will develop critical thinking skills, aesthetic and ethical judgement and skills in viewing, representing, listening, speaking, reading, and writingPrerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

Personal and Fitness Activities, Grade 11, Open – Elective (PAF3O)
This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle and participation in a variety of enjoyable fitness focused activities.  This course will teach the student about weight training, cardiovascular training, strength and endurance as well as flexibility training and nutrition.  Students will be encouraged to develop and follow their own gym fitness plan and will be given the tools to achieve their healthy fitness goals. The student will determine the emphasis of his/her program. Fitness levels will be monitored regularly.  Evaluation will be based on the student’s ability to reach goals established jointly with the teacher, effort, participation, and record keeping.   Health components follow the PPL3O course so therefore, both courses cannot be taken for credit.  Students will gain decision-making skills, improve communication skills and develop organizational skills. Prerequisites: None

Philosophy: The Big Questions, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (HZB3M)
This course encourages exploration of philosophy’s big questions, such as: What is a meaningful life? What separates right from wrong? What constitutes knowledge? What makes something beautiful? What is a just society? Students will develop critical thinking and philosophical reasoning skills as they identify and analyse the responses of philosophers to the big questions and formulate their own responses to them. Students will explore the relevance of philosophical questions to society and to their everyday life. They will develop research and inquiry skills as they investigate various topics in philosophy. Prerequisites: None

Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation – Elective (SPH3U) 

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will study the laws of dynamics and explore different kinds of forces, the quantification and forms of energy (mechanical, sound, light, thermal, and electrical), and the way energy is transformed and transmitted. They will develop scientific-inquiry skills as they verify accepted laws and solve both assigned problems and those emerging from their investigations. Students will also analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment. Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

Presentation and Speaking Skills, Grade 11, Open – Elective (EPS3O) 

This course emphasizes the knowledge and skills required to plan and make effective presentations and to speak effectively in both formal and informal contexts, using such forms as reports, speeches, debates, panel discussions, storytelling, recitations, interviews, and multimedia presentations. Students will research and analyse the content and characteristics of convincing speeches and the techniques of effective speakers; design and rehearse presentations for a variety of purposes and audiences; select and use visual and technological aids to enhance their message; and assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ presentations. Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

The Individual and the Economy, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (CIE3M) 

This course explores issues and challenges facing the Canadian economy as well as the implications of various responses to them. Students will explore the economic role of firms, workers, and government as well as their own role as individual consumers and contributors, and how all of these roles contribute to stability and change in the Canadian economy. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, including economic models, to investigate the impact of economic issues and decisions at the individual, regional, and national level. Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War 1, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

Understanding Canadian Law, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (CLU3M) 

This course explores Canadian law, with a focus on legal issues that are relevant to the lives of people in Canada. Students will gain an understanding of laws relating to rights and freedoms in Canada; our legal system; and family, contract, employment, tort, and criminal law. Students will develop legal reasoning skills and will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal studies inquiry process when investigating a range of legal issues and formulating and communicating informed opinions about them.. Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War 1, Grade 10, Academic or Applied 

Visual Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (AVI3M) 

This course enables students to further develop their knowledge and skills in visual arts. Students will use the creative process to explore a wide range of themes through studio work that may include drawing, painting, sculpting, and printmaking, as well as the creation of collage, multimedia works, and works using emerging technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process when evaluating their own work and the work of others.  Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 9 or 10, Open

Visual Arts – Fashion and Textile Design Design, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (AWI3M)
This course provides students with opportunities to further develop their skills and knowledge in visual arts. Students will explore a range of subject matter through studio activities, and will consolidate their practical skills. Students will also analyze art works and study aspects of Western art history, as well as art forms from Canada and other parts of the world. Students will learn about the world of Fashion Design, the development of industrial sewing skills, the study of the fashion curve and personal wardrobe planning. Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 9 or 10 Open

Visual Arts – Photography, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (AWQ3M)
This course focuses on studio activities in digital photography studies. Students will create art works that explore a wide range of subject matter, and will evaluate art works, providing grounds for their aesthetic judgments. They will also examine historical, stylistic, and cultural contexts of Western art (including Canadian art) and art from various world cultures to support their study of specific media.  This course will involve the use of a digital camera, laptop computer, shooting and digital photo techniques using Photoshop CS or CS2.   Required equipment: Digital camera (minimum 3 megapixel, 5 megapixel or higher ideal) and a laptop computer. Prerequisite: Any Arts Course

World History to the Sixteenth Century, Grade 11, University/College Preparation – Elective (CHW3M) 

This course explores the history of various societies and civilizations around the world, from earliest times to around 1500 CE. Students will investigate a range of factors that contributed to the rise, success, and decline of various ancient and pre-modern societies throughout the world and will examine life in and the cultural and political legacy of these societies. Students will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating social, political, and economic structures and historical forces at work in various societies and in different historical eras. Prerequisite: Canadian History Since World War 1, Grade 10, Academic or Applied


Course Descriptions for Grade 12

English, Grade 12, University Preparation – Compulsory (ENG4U) 

This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended
to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace. Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

Advanced Functions, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (MHF4U) 

This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs. Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College Technology, Grade 12, College Preparation

Analysing Current Economic Issues, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (CIA4U) 

This course examines current Canadian and international economic issues, developments, policies, and practices from diverse perspectives. Students will explore the decisions that individuals and institutions, including governments, make in response to economic issues such as globalization, trade agreements, economic inequalities, regulation, and public spending. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, as well as economic models and theories, to investigate, and develop informed opinions about, economic trade-offs, growth, and sustainability and related economic issues. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

Biology, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (SBI4U) 

This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes associated with biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, evolution, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on achievement of the detailed knowledge and refined skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields. Prerequisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation

Business Leadership: Management Fundamentals, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (BOH4M) 

This course focuses on the development of leadership skills used in managing a successful business. Students will analyse the role of a leader in business, with a focus on decision making, management of group dynamics, workplace stress and conflict, motivation of employees, and planning. Effective business communication skills, ethics, and social responsibility are also emphasized.. Prerequisite: None

Calculus and Vectors, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (MCV4U) 

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modeling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course. Note: The Advanced Functions course (MHF4U) must be taken prior to or concurrently with Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U).

Canadian and International Law, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (CLN4U) 

This course explores a range of contemporary legal issues and how they are addressed in both Canadian and international law. Students will develop an understanding of the principles of Canadian and international law and of issues related to human rights and freedoms, conflict resolution, and criminal, environmental, and workplace law, both in Canada and internationally. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal studies inquiry process, and will develop legal reasoning skills, when investigating these and other issues in both Canadian and international contexts.Prerequisite: Prerequisite: Any university or any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

Challenge and Change in Society, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (HSB4U) 

This course focuses on the use of social science theories, perspectives, and methodologies to investigate and explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour and their impact on society. Students will critically analyse how and why cultural, social, and behavioural patterns change over time. They will explore the ideas of social theorists and use those ideas to analyse causes of and responses to challenges such as technological change, deviance, and global inequalities. Students will explore ways in which social science research methods can be used to study social change. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

Chemistry, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (SCH4U) 

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, energy changes and rates of reaction, chemical systems and equilibrium, electrochemistry, and atomic and molecular structure. Students will further develop problem-solving and laboratory skills as they investigate chemical processes, at the same time refining their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in daily life, and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment. Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation

Communications Technology, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (TGJ4M)
This course enables students to further develop media knowledge and skills while designing and producing projects in the areas of live, recorded, and graphic communications. Students may work in the areas of TV, video, and movie production; radio and audio production; print and graphic communications; photography; digital imaging; broadcast journalism; and interactive new media. Students will also expand their awareness of environmental and societal issues related to communications technology, and will investigate career opportunities and challenges in a rapidly changing technological environment. Prerequisite: Communications Technology, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Computer Science, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (ICS4U)
This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills in computer science. Students will use modular design principles to create complex and fully documented programs, according to industry standards. Student teams will manage a large software development project, from planning through to project review. Students will also analyse algorithms for effectiveness. They will investigate ethical issues in computing and further explore environmental issues, emerging technologies, areas of research in computer science, and careers in the field Prerequisite: Introduction to Computer Science, Grade 11, University Preparation

Core French, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (FSF4U)
This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently. Students will develop their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills, apply language learning strategies in a wide variety of real-life situations, and develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts. They will also enrich their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning.
Prerequisite: Core French, Grade 11, University Preparation

Families in Canada, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (HHS4U)
This course enables students to draw on sociological, psychological, and anthropological theories and research to analyse the development of individuals, intimate relationships, and family and parent-child relationships. Students will focus on issues and challenges facing individuals and families in Canada’s diverse society. They will develop analytical tools that enable them to assess various factors affecting families and to consider policies and practices intended to support families in Canada. They will develop the investigative skills required to conduct and communicate the results of research on individuals,intimate relationships, and parent-child relationships. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

Drama, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (ADA4M) 

This course requires students to experiment individually and collaboratively with forms and conventions of both drama and theatre from various cultures and time periods. Students will interpret dramatic literature and other texts and media sources while learning about various theories of directing and acting. Students will examine the significance of dramatic arts in various cultures, and will analyse how the knowledge and skills developed in drama are related to their personal skills, social awareness, and goals beyond secondary school. Prerequisite: Dramatic Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation or Open

Equity and Social Justice: From Theory to Practice, Grade 12, University/ College Preparation – Elective (HSE4M)
This course enables students to develop an understanding of the theoretical, social, and historical underpinnings of various equity and social justice issues and to analyse strategies for bringing about positive social change. Students will learn about historical and contemporary equity and social justice issues in Canada and globally. They will explore power relations and the impact of a variety of factors on equity and social justice. Students will develop and apply research skills and will design and implement a social action initiative relating to an equity or social justice issue.   Prerequisite: Any university, college, or university/college preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies

Human Development Throughout the Lifespan, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (HHG4M)

This course offers a multidisciplinary approach to the study of human development throughout the lifespan. Students will learn about a range of theoretical perspectives on human development. They will examine threats to healthy development as well as protective factors that promote resilience. Students will learn about physical, cognitive, and social-emotional development from the prenatal period through old age and will develop their research and inquiry skills by investigating issues related to human development. Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies

Interdisciplinary Studies: Photojournalism, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (IDC4U)

This course enables students develop skills in the fields of photography, journalism, and digital media while examining the history of media communication and its impact/influences on current practices and trends. Students will cover the basics of digital photography (mechanics, composition, lighting, and post editing) while familiarizing themselves with a variety of software programs used in archiving, compositing, and editing imagery. Students will also explore journalistic writing and reporting, developing skills in critical thinking, aesthetic and ethical judgement, writing, editing, and publishing. These combined skills will be used towards the production of print and electronic products for school and community audiences (including entries in the school’s newsletter, yearbook, and website) as well as the production of personal portfolios. Students will also study the history, philosophy and traditions of photojournalism (exploring the work of notable photojournalists from the twentieth and twenty-first century; observing the impact and influence digital visual media has had on contemporary society and the field of journalism; analyzing important current events and issues through the lens of photojournalism; and examining the relationship between these global events and issues with Canadian media-related law, political ideology, economics and ethics)..
 Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course.

Interdisciplinary Studies: Sports and Entertainment Marketing, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (IDC4U)

The Sports and Entertainment Marketing interdisciplinary course emphasizes the development of practical skills and knowledge in order to solve problems, make decisions, create personal meaning, and present findings related to the growing importance that the sports and entertainment industry plays in our modern economy. Through individual and collaborative inquiry, research into contemporary issues, real-life situations, and careers related to Sports and Entertainment Marketing, students will develop skills in the areas of marketing essentials, facility location and design, branding, licensing, merchandising, advertising, public relations/publicity, event marketing, sponsoring and naming rights, product distribution, legal issues and career opportunities in Sports and Entertainment Marketing.
 Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course.

International Business Fundamentals, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (BBB4M) 

This course provides an overview of the importance of international business and trade in the global economy and explores the factors that influence success in international markets. Students will learn about the techniques and strategies associated with marketing, distribution, and managing international business effectively. This course prepares students for postsecondary programs in business, including international business, marketing, and management. 
 Prerequisite: None

Mathematics of Data Management, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (MDM4U) 

This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing and analysing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest. Prerequisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation

Ontario Secondary School Literacy Course, Grade 12, Open – Elective (OLC4O) 

This course is designed to help students acquire and demonstrate the cross-curricular literacy skills that are evaluated by the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). Students who complete the course successfully will meet the provincial literacy requirement for graduation. Students will read a variety of informational, narrative, and graphic texts and will produce a variety of forms of writing, including summaries, information paragraphs, opinion pieces, and news reports. Students will also maintain and manage a portfolio containing a record of their reading experiences and samples of their writing.  Prerequisites: Eligibility requirement: Students who have been eligible to write the OSSLT at least twice and who have been unsuccessful at least once are eligible to take the course.

Personal and Fitness Activities, Grade 12, Open – Elective (PAF4O)
This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle and participation in a variety of enjoyable fitness focused activities. This course will teach the student about weight training, cardiovascular training, strength and endurance as well as flexibility training and nutrition. Students will be encouraged to develop and follow their own gym fitness plan and will be given the tools to achieve their healthy fitness goals. The student will determine the emphasis of his/her program. Fitness levels will be monitored regularly. Evaluation will be based on the student’s ability to reach goals established jointly with the teacher, effort, participation, and record keeping. Students will gain decision-making skills, improve communication skills and develop organizational skills. Prerequisites: None

Physics, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (SPH4U)
This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment. Prerequisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation 


Recreation and Healthy Active Living Leadership, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (PLF4M)
This course enables students to explore the benefits of lifelong participation in active recreation and healthy leisure and to develop the leadership and coordinating skills needed to plan, organize, and safely implement recreational events and other activities related to healthy, active living. Students will also learn how to promote the benefits of healthy, active living to others through mentoring and assisting them in making informed decisions that enhance their well-being. The course will prepare students for university programs in physical education and health and kinesiology and for college and university programs in recreation and leisure management, fitness and health promotion, and fitness leadership. Prerequisite: Any Health and Physical Education course. 


Studies in Literature, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (ETS4U)
This course is for students with a special interest in literature and literary criticism. The course may focus on themes, genres, time periods, or countries. Students will analyse a range of forms and stylistic elements of literary texts and respond personally, critically, and creatively to them. They will also assess critical interpretations, write analytical essays, and complete an independent study project. Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

The Environment and Resource Management, Grade 12 University/College Preparation – Elective (CGR4M)
This course investigates interactions between natural and human systems, with a particular emphasis on the impacts of human activity on ecosystems and natural processes. Students will use the geographic inquiry process, apply the concepts of geographic thinking, and employ a variety of spatial skills and technologies to analyse these impacts and propose ways of reducing them. In the course of their investigations, they will assess resource management and sustainability practices, as well as related government policies and international accords. They will also consider questions of individual responsibility and environmental stewardship as they explore ways of developing a more sustainable relationship with the environment. Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies

The Writer’s Craft, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (EWC4U)
This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyse models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers. Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

Visual Arts, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (AVI4M) 

This course focuses on enabling students to refine their use of the creative process when creating and presenting two- and three-dimensional art works using a variety of traditional and emerging media and technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process to deconstruct art works and explore connections between art and society. The studio program enables students to explore a range of materials, processes, and techniques that can be applied in their own art production. Students will also make connections between various works of art in personal, contemporary, historical, and cultural contexts. Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation or Open

Visual Arts: Drawing and Painting, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (AWM4M) 
Skills and techniques in drawing and painting will be the focus of this course that through creative problem solving students will develop personal imagery and expression. Discussions and critiques will be enriched through the study of historical and contemporary artists works and application in studio projects. Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 11, University/College Preparation or Open

World Cultures, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (HSC4M)
This course examines the nature of culture; how cultural identities are acquired, maintained, and transformed; and theories used to analyse cultures. Students will explore world cultures, with an emphasis on the analysis of religious and spiritual beliefs, art forms, and philosophy. They will study the contributions and influence of a range of cultural groups and will critically analyse issues facing ethnocultural groups within Canada and around the world. Students will develop and apply research skills and will design and implement a social action initiative relating to cultural diversity.  Prerequisite: Any university, college, or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies

World Geography: Urban Patterns and Population Issues, Grade 12, University/College Preparation – Elective (CGU4M)
The world’s population is growing, it is moving and intermixing, and it is increasingly found in cities. This course explores these changes and the challenges that come with them. It investigates the forces that are shaping the world’s communities, the patterns of interaction between them, the quality of life within them, and their impact on the world around them. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking, the geographic inquiry process, and spatial skills and technologies as they investigate issues related to population change and urban life and propose ways of enhancing the sustainability of communities around the world. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

World Issues: A Geographic Analysis, Grade 12, University Preparation – Elective (CGW4U)
In this course, students will address the challenge of creating a more sustainable and equitable world. They will explore issues involving a wide range of topics, including economic disparities, threats to the environment, globalization, human rights, and quality of life, and will analyse government policies, international agreements, and individual responsibilities relating to them. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including the use of spatial technologies, to investigate these complex issues and their impacts on natural and human communities around the world. Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

World History Since the Fifteenth Century, Grade 12, University Preparation –
Elective (CHY4U)
This course traces major developments and events in world history since approximately 1450. Students will explore social, economic, and political changes, the historical roots of contemporary issues, and the role of conflict and cooperation in global interrelationships. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate key issues and assess societal progress or decline in world history. Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in Social Sciences and Humanities, English, or Canadian and World Studies